SOT-223 COMPONENT PACKAGE

SOT-223 Component Package

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Overview

NameSOT-223 (Small-outline Transistor 223)
Synonyms
  • DCQ (SOT-223-5, Texas Instruments)
  • DCY (SOT-223, Texas Instruments)
  • MP04A (National Semiconductor)
  • PG-SOT-223-4 (Infineon Technologies)
  • R-PDSO-G6 (SOT-223-5, Texas Instruments)
  • ST Package (Analog Devices)
  • TO-261-4
Variants
  • SOT-223-3 (3 pin excl. tab)
  • SOT-223-4 (4 pin excl. tab)
  • SOT-223-5 (5 pin excl. tab)
Similar To
MountingSMD
Pin Count3, 4, 5 (excl. tab)
Pitchn/a
SolderabilityEasily solderable by hand
Thermal ResistanceSOT-223-3
  • \(T_{JA} = 174^{\circ}{\rm C}/W\) (standard footprint)
  • \(T_{JA} = 75^{\circ}{\rm C}/W\) (\(300mm^2\) heatsink area)
  • \(T_{JA} = 63^{\circ}{\rm C}/W\)(\(600mm^2\) heatsink area)
  • \(T_{JA} = 27^{\circ}{\rm C}/W\)(one square inch copper fill surrounding package)
SOT-223-5
  • \(55-165^{\circ}{\rm C}/W\) (see the SOT-223-5 section below)
Dimensionsn/a
3D Modelsn/a
Common Uses
  • MOSFETs
  • Load switches
  • High-power linear regulators
  • Current sources

Conflicting Naming Conventions

This page associates the x in SOT-223-x to stand for the number of pins excluding the tab. This is the most popular convention.

SOT-223-3

The SOT-223-3 (TO-261AA) component package is the most common variant within the SOT-223 family. It looks similar to the SOT-23 package, but with a tab on one side instead of legs.

A 3D render of the TO-261AA (SOT-223-3) component package.

A 3D render of the TO-261AA (SOT-223-3) component package.

It is commonly used for medium-power linear regulators and load switches.

The tab is sometimes electrically connected to pin 2 (the middle pin on the other side of the package), or sometimes electrically isolated for all other pins and called pin 4. For example, the AZ1117I linear regulator from Diodes Incorporated connects the tab to pin 2:

The pin diagram for the AZ1117I in a SOT-223 package. Note how the tab is connected to pin 2.

The pin diagram for the AZ1117I in a SOT-223 package. Note how the tab is connected to pin 2.

Thermal Resistance

Texas Instruments gives the following thermal resistance data for the SOT-223-3 package (taken from http://www.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/tps7b6933-q1.pdf, as of Dec 2017, URL is unavailable).

PropertySymbolValue
Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance\(R_{\theta JA}\)\(64.2^{\circ}C/W\)
Junction-to-case (top) thermal resistance\(R_{\theta JC(top)}\)\(46.8^{\circ}C/W\)
Junction-to-board thermal resistance\(R_{\theta JB}\)\(13.3^{\circ}C/W\)
Junction-to-top characterisation parameter\(R_{\psi JT}\)\(6.3^{\circ}C/W\)
Junction-to-board characterisation parameter\(R_{\psi JB}\)\(13.2^{\circ}C/W\)

All of the parameters in the above table were measured with the SOT-223-3 package soldered to a JEDEC standard high-K profile, JESD 51-7, 2s2p four layer board with 2-oz copper. The copper pad was soldered to the thermal land pattern.

The thermal resistance of the TO-261AA (SOT-223-3) component package for various PCB footprints.

The thermal resistance of the TO-261AA (SOT-223-3) component package for various PCB footprints.

Standard Linear Regulator Pinout

The SOT-223-3 package is commonly used for small, medium-power linear regulators. There is a de-facto standard pinout that many manufacturers use when incorporating a linear regulator into the SOT-223-3 package:

The de-facto standard pinout for a linear regulator inside a SOT-223-3 package. This image also shows the standard PCB footprint used to achieve a low thermal resistance. Image from http://www.ti.com/.

The de-facto standard pinout for a linear regulator inside a SOT-223-3 package. This image also shows the standard PCB footprint used to achieve a low thermal resistance. Image from http://www.ti.com/.

Standard Load Switch Pinout

The SOT-223-3 package is commonly used for smaller low and high-side load switches. As such, there is a de-facto standard pinout that many manufacturers use for load switches in the SOT-223-3 package:

The de-facto standard pinout for a load switch in a SOT-223-3 package. Image from http://www.infineon.com/.

The de-facto standard pinout for a load switch in a SOT-223-3 package. Image from http://www.infineon.com/.

SOT-223-4

This variant can be confused with the three pin and one pad variant (SOT-223-3) if you decide to count the pad as well as the pins in the number.

A 3D render of the SOT-223-4 component package. Image from http://www.datasheetdir.com/.

A 3D render of the SOT-223-4 component package. Image from http://www.datasheetdir.com/.

SOT-223-5

Dimensions

Below are the dimensions of the SOT-223-5 package as specified by Texas Instruments.

The dimensions of the SOT-223-5 component package. Image from http://www.ti.com/.

The dimensions of the SOT-223-5 component package. Image from http://www.ti.com/.

Footprint (Land Pattern)

Below is the recommended footprint (land pattern) for the SOT-223-5 component package as specified by Texas Instruments.

A recommended footprint (land pattern) for the SOT-223-5 component package. Image from http://www.ti.com/.

A recommended footprint (land pattern) for the SOT-223-5 component package. Image from http://www.ti.com/.

Thermal Resistance

Below is a graph showing the thermal resistance of the SOT-223-5 package with varying copper area.

Graph of thermal resistance vs. copper area for the SOT-223-5 component package. Image from http://www.ti.com/.

Graph of thermal resistance vs. copper area for the SOT-223-5 component package. Image from http://www.ti.com/.

As you can see, as the copper area increases, the thermal resistance decreases asymptotically to around \(55^{\circ}{\rm C}/W\).


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