TEX

Drawing Schematics With TikZ And CircuitikZ

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QuickLatex Setup

 The code below shows the basic setup to draw a Circuitikz diagram in a Wordpress post using the QuickLatex plugin.

\begin{tikzpicture}
[+preamble]
    \usepackage{tikz}
    \usepackage[siunitx]{circuitikz}
[/preamble]
    % Draw a non-polarized capacitor.
    \draw (0,0) to [C, l=$C$] (0,2);
\end{tikzpicture}

Add the actual Circuitikz code between the end of the preamble and the end of the tikzpicture elements.

Adding A Background

Sometimes in can be beneficial to add a background to the circuit drawing. This is true when using QuickLatex with Wordpress to render Circuitikz (as this site does), as by default it uses a transparent background, which is good for inline equations, but not so much for circuit drawings.

\useasboundingbox [fill=white!10] (-1,-1) rectangle (3,3);	

Tailor the corners of the rectangle to provide the correct size background for your circuit drawing.

Capacitors

The three types of capacitors used are easily drawn.

% Draw a unpolarised capacitor.
\draw (0,0) to [C, l=$C$] (0,2);	
% Draw a polarised capacitor.
\draw (0,0) to [pC, l=$C$] (0,2);
% Draw a variable capacitor.
\draw (0,0) to [vC, l=$C$] (0,2);
\begin{tikzpicture} [+preamble] \usepackage{tikz} \usepackage[siunitx]{circuitikz} [/preamble] % Draw a non-polarized capacitor. \draw (0,0) to [C, l=$C$] (0,2); \end{tikzpicture}\begin{tikzpicture} [+preamble] \usepackage{tikz} \usepackage[siunitx]{circuitikz} [/preamble] % Draw a polarized capacitor. \draw (0,0) to [pC, l=$C$] (0,2); \end{tikzpicture}\begin{tikzpicture} [+preamble] \usepackage{tikz} \usepackage[siunitx]{circuitikz} [/preamble] % Draw a variable capacitor. \draw (0,0) to [vC, l=$C$] (0,2); \end{tikzpicture}
Unpolarised capacitor.Polarised capacitor.Variable capacitor.

Op-Amps And Comparators

Op-amps and caparators share the same symbol.

\draw
    % Draw an op-amp
    (0,0) node[op amp] (opamp) {}
    (opamp.+) node[left] {$v_+$}
    (opamp.−) node[left] {$v_−$}
    (opamp.out) node[right] {$v_o$}
;	
\begin{tikzpicture}[scale=1]  
[+preamble]  
\usepackage{tikz}  
\usepackage[siunitx]{circuitikz}  
[/preamble]  
\draw  
% Draw an op-amp  
(0,0) node[op amp] (opamp) {}  
(opamp.+) node[left] {$v_+$}  
(opamp.−) node[left] {$v_−$}  
(opamp.out) node[right] {$v_o$};  
\end{tikzpicture}

Dashed Lines

It took me awhile to get dashed lines to work, here is the correct way to draw them:

% Make sure to use a separate draw command for dashed lines,
% rather than tacking it onto another one!
\draw[dashed]
    (-0.5,0) -- (2,0);

 Make sure to use a separate draw command for dashed lines, rather than tacking it onto another one, otherwise you will find all lines in that draw command will become dashed.


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