ELECTRIC SKATEBOARD

Electric Skateboard Hardware

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This page contains basic stats about all the individual pieces of hardware that went into the construction of the electric skateboard.

Current Hardware

  • Motor
  • Motor Controller
  • Battery
  • Battery Management System (BMS)
  • Skateboard Electronics Enclosure
  • Lights
  • High Power On/Off Relay

Current Hardware

Motor

The motor was brought from TradeMe.

TechnologyBrushed DC
BrandUnite Motor
ModelMY8919
Rated Voltage36V
Rated Current28.4A
Rated Power800W
Rated Speed3000RPM
Weight3.42kg
VendorGreenskate from TradeMe.

Motor Power Wire thickness (individual): 3.25mm (OD)

Wire thickness (total, including shealth): 8mm (OD)

The new 800W, 36V brushed motor I got after the BLDC motor blew up.

The new 800W, 36V brushed motor I got after the BLDC motor blew up.

Motor Controller

The motor controller was brought after I gave up in frustration about trying to build my own half-bridge (and I didn’t give up easily, see the post Skateboard Half-Bridge Blew Up (for the 10th+ time)).

Manufacturer?
Manufacturer Part NumberA121#
Supplier[Tiger Ecommerce Co. LTD (AliExpress)](http://www.aliexpress.com/store/801114)
Supplier Part Number[486387907](http://www.aliexpress.com/item/A121-Wide-Voltage-DC12-60V-30A-1500W-PWM-Pulse-DC-Motor-Speed-Controller-Adjuster-0-100/486387907.html)
Supplier PriceUS$54.38
Rated Bridge Voltage12-60V
Maximum Continuous Bridge Current30A
Current Trip Limit35A

I had a sneak peak around in the guts of this thing, and I discovered that it had four n-channel MOSFETs (STP75NF75x4) and four schottky diodes (NFA19) to make up the half-bridge. Both components were in the TO-220AB package, and each all four of each were in series to increase the current capabilities.

The quarter-bridge motor driver that I ended up buying from AliExpress.

The quarter-bridge motor driver that I ended up buying from AliExpress.

Battery

The battery was brought from AliExpress.

SupplierShirley Hu (AliExpress)
Supplier PriceUS$363.42
ChemistryLiFePO4
Brand?
Rated Voltage48V
Capacity10Ah (1.728MJ)
Maximum Continuous Discharge Current20A
Maximum Instantaneous Dischage Current (BMS Limited)60A
Size270x180x75mm
Weight5.9kg
Working out how to mount the 48V 10Ah LiFePO battery onto the bottom of the board. The foam is used to pad the battery and protect it when the board flexes during use.

Working out how to mount the 48V 10Ah LiFePO battery onto the bottom of the board. The foam is used to pad the battery and protect it when the board flexes during use.

Battery Management System (BMS)

The battery management system came with the LiFePo battery. It protects the battery from high currents, provides a mechanism for charging, and charge balances the individual cells in the battery.

Enclosure Size (w*l*h, mm)235*120*45
PCB Size (w*l*h, mm)198*61*10
Weight (grams)n/a

Skateboard Electronics Enclosure

Specs:

BrandBud Industries
ModelPN-1329-CMB
Datasheet[External Link](http://www.budind.com/pdf/hb1329mb.pdf)
External Dimensions (w*h*d)222x146x75mm
Environmental RatingIP67
Weight499g
VendorDigi-Key
Vendor Part Num377-1895-ND

Lights

White Front Lights And Red Rear Light

Voltage12V
Current?
Rated Power1W
VendorDeal Extreme
Vendor ID11263 ([link to product](http://www.dealextreme.com/p/waterproof-water-tight-high-powered-1w-led-module-12v-white-11263))

Used for seeing where you are riding at night, and for cars to see you. The red light was made by putting red cellophane over a white light.

Green Flexible EL Skirting Light

TypeFlexible EL Wire
Voltage12V
VendorDeal Extreme
Vendor ID41015 ([link to product](http://www.dealextreme.com/p/flexible-2-mode-green-light-el-strip-dc-12v-3m-length-41015))

High-Power On/Off Relay

After the low-side MOSFET power switch idea failed, I decided to use a high-power on/off relay.

ManufacturerTE Connectivity
Manufacturer Part NumberV23134J1053D642
Element14 Order Code[991-3793](http://nz.element14.com/te-connectivity/v23134j1053d642/relay-spno-24vdc/dp/9913793)
Coil Voltage24V
Coil Resistance332Ω
Operating Power1.6W
Rated Contact Voltage500VAC
Maximum Continuous Contact Current25A
Maximum Peak Contact Current240A
The relay I decided to use after my low-side MOSFET for turning the board on didn't work. Next to a 9V battery for size comparison.

The relay I decided to use after my low-side MOSFET for turning the board on didn't work. Next to a 9V battery for size comparison.

Wheels

As mentioned, the wheels were also brought from Green Skate. If you are imagining normal skateboard wheels, you’ve got it all wrong! These are huge, pneumatic off-road wheels.

One of the four pneumatic wheels used on the electric skateboard.

One of the four pneumatic wheels used on the electric skateboard.

Axles

The axles were brought from Green Skate (www.greenskate.co.nz). They are designed for the large off-road tires that I brought from the same place. They come with a nice thick 11mm rubber block for shock absorption.

Rear Axle Weight: 1.86kg Bolt Diameter: 6.0mm
Bolt Length: 45mm
Bolt Head Type: Counter-sunk, accepts 4mm hex key Number of Bolts: 4 (square layout)
Distance Between Centers: 90mm

Belt

The belt was supplied with the wheels and axles.

Old Prototype Hardware

Motor

  • Technology: Brushless DC (BLDC)
  • Brand: Turnigy
  • Voltage: 10-36V
  • Style: Outrunner
  • Shaft Diameter: 10mm
  • Kv: 200
  • Weight: 914g
  • Dimensions: 63mmx92mm
  • Vendor: Hobby King
  • Vendor Code: HXT63-74-200
  • Price: NZ$74.78 (US$59.99)

Notes: One of the largest outrunner motors that Hobby King sells. Sensorless motor, to requires an ESC that used the back EMD for position detection.

A supposedly '3kW' BLDC motor I got from Hobby King.

A supposedly '3kW' BLDC motor I got from Hobby King.

Battery

  • Chemistry: Li-Po
  • Brand: Turnigy
  • Voltage: 29.6V (8 Li-Po cells, quoted as 8S)
  • Capacity: 5800mAh
  • Max Discharge Rate: 203A (quoted as 25-35C)
  • Vendor: Hobby King
  • Vendor Code: T5800L.8S.25
  • Price: NZ$131.83 (US$99.99)

Notes: 8AWG wire connections. Supplied with 5.5mm gold connectors, but I replaced them with the 4mm gold connectors because I won’t be drawing too much current. These connectors require a small blow torch to solder as they are too large for a soldering iron to handle (even when set at 450°C!). Update (05/03/11): One of the eight cells has died. There is not voltage across it and the cell draws current without a voltage appearing across it’s terminals. In other words, rooted. This was on the second charge! I’m going to have words with Hobby King.

A lithium-ion polymer battery from Hobby King.

A lithium-ion polymer battery from Hobby King.

Motor Driver

  • Technology: BLDC ESC (electronic speed controller)
  • Brand: Turnigy
  • Model No: 70A-HV-OPTO
  • Min Voltage: 18.5V (5 Li-Po Cells, quoted as 5S)
  • Max Voltage: 44.4V (12 Li-Po Cells, quoted as 12S)
  • Max Current: 70A
  • Vendor: Hobby King
  • Vendor Code: KF-70A
  • Price: NZ$92.27 (US$69.99)
  • Manual: n/a

An electronic speed controller (ESC) in hobby circles is a power circuit which controls the speed of a brushless DC motor. They typically are rated for motor currents between 20-150A and use MOSFETs, PWM and back EMF sensing to switch the currents through the motor windings at the correct time. They are necessary to set up a rotating magnetic field since BLDC motors are not commutated like brushed DC motors. They typically accept a PWM input to control the speed of the motor (which is designed to be directly connect to a RC receiver, but I will be generating the PWM with a micro-controller instead), and feature programmable settings to control the characteristics of the controller (such as acceleration, braking force e.t.c).

ESC Programming Card (redundant after v1.1 failed)

  • Brand: Turnigy
  • Model No: Unknown
  • Vendor: Hobby King
  • Vendor Code: Unknown
  • Price: US$6.95
  • Manual: n/a

A programming card connects to the ESC and makes programming of the variable settings of the ESC easy. Without a programming card, you have to do it the harder and not so easy to understand way of using the the throttle. Anyway, it turns out that the particular programming card I got isn’t compatible with the ESC anyway. Even though Hobby Kings website says it is, and I quote “Compatible with all Hobbywing, Thunderpower, Turnigy and OEMRC Sentilon speed controllers”. In the end I had to use the throttle method, which worked perfectly fine even though the throttle and PWM signal was custom made. Goes to show I got the programming half right!


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