INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTS (IDES)

Mbed Studio

Date Published:
Last Modified:

Overview

Mbed Studio is an IDE for embedded devices. It directly ties in with the firmware framework mbed-os which provides a HAL and RTOS for ARM Cortex microcontrollers. Mbed Studio is based of the Eclipse Theia IDE, which is itself based of Visual Studio Code.

A screenshot of the 'Getting Started' welcome screen in Mbed Studio.

A screenshot of the ‘Getting Started’ welcome screen in Mbed Studio.

Mbed Studio uses ARM Compiler 6 (as of June 2020).

A screenshot of the 'OS blinky' example project in Mbed Studio.

A screenshot of the ‘OS blinky’ example project in Mbed Studio.

Installation

Mbed Studio can be installed on Linux, MacOS and Windows.

Default directory for projects is <user-home-directory>/Mbed Programs/<project-name>.

Debugging

For flashing and debugging microcontrollers, Mbed Studio uses the PyOCD library. pyOCD is an open-source Python library for programming and debugging Arm Cortex-M microcontrollers.

pyocd list
pyocd gdbserver
pyocd pack --find <microcontroller-part-num>

Library Manager

With what feels like a breath of fresh air for the embedded community, Mbed Studio comes with a library manager which is designed quite well. Mbed Studio allows you to add libraries to your project via the GUI or CLI (using the mbed add command). The source of the library must be os.mbed.com URL (for open-source, shared libraries) or a git URL (for both open-source shared libraries and private libraries).

Once the library has been added, the code is downloaded into the project directory (with the exception of the large mbed-os, which has the special ability of being able to be shared across multiple projects if desired). A <project-name>.lib file is created in the project directory which tracks the URL and commit hash of library, so that you lock down the version and can reproduce the build exactly. e.g. mbed-os.lib might look like:

https://github.com/ARMmbed/mbed-os/#a2ada74770f043aff3e61e29d164a8e78274fcd4

Testing

Mbed Studio and the mbed CLI have built in support for various forms of testing. The have support for the following types of tests:

  • Unit tests: These are defined as tests that run on the native development computer (i.e. not on target microcontroller).
  • Functional tests: These run on the target hardware.

Unit Tests

All unit tests should be in a UNITTESTS directory in the root of your project.

Mbed uses cmake to drive the building of the unit tests.

Mbed Version Preprocessor Definitions

Mbed provides the following preprocessor #define macros in mbed_version.h:

MBED_MAJOR_VERSION
MBED_MINOR_VERSION
MBED_PATCH_VERSION

Adding Custom Boards

See https://os.mbed.com/docs/mbed-os/v6.0/porting/porting-custom-boards.html.

HAL Support

If you get the pin configuration wrong, Mbed will print an error using printf() at runtime, e.g. if I configured a BufferedSerial and passed in the TX and RX pins in the wrong order:

BufferedSerial debug_uart(PA_10, PA_9); // These pins are in the wrong order, PA_9 is TX, PA_10 is RX (STM32F070 microcontroller)

You get the runtime error:

++ MbedOS Error Info ++
Error Status: 0x80010130 Code: 304 Module: 1
Error Message: pinmap not found for peripheral
Location: 0x8005AC7
Error Value: 0xA
For more info, visit: https://mbed.com/s/error?error=0x80010130&tgt=NUCLEO_F070RB

APIs

The mbed-os API is documented with Doxygen-style in-code comments.

Timer

Timers can be used to keep track of periods of time in a precise manner (with typically sub-microsecond accuracy).

Timer timer1;

int main() {
  timer1.start()
  while(true) {
    thread_sleep_for(500);
    print("time_us = %i\n", timer1.read_us());
  }
}

The timer API can be used from within interrupts.

Serial

As of mbed v6.0, Serial has been deprecated in favour of BufferedSerial and UnbufferedSerial.

SPI

SPI(const spi_pinmap_t);

Interrupts

Interrupts based of digital pin changes can be created and managed with InterruptIn() objects. For example, to create one for digital pin 5 and then print a message to the serial port everytime the voltage on the pin goes from low to high:

#include "mbed.h"

void callback() {
  printf("callback() called!\n");
}

InterruptIn interrupt_in = InterruptIn(P5);
int main() {
  event.rise(&callback);
  while(1);
}

Related Content:

Tags:

comments powered by Disqus