INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTS (IDES)
Mbed Studio is an IDE for embedded devices. It directly ties in with the firmware framework
mbed-os which provides a HAL and RTOS for ARM Cortex microcontrollers. Mbed Studio is based of the Eclipse Theia IDE, which is itself based of Visual Studio Code.
Mbed Studio uses ARM Compiler 6 (as of June 2020).
Mbed Studio can be installed on Linux, MacOS and Windows.
Default directory for projects is
For flashing and debugging microcontrollers, Mbed Studio uses the PyOCD library. pyOCD is an open-source Python library for programming and debugging Arm Cortex-M microcontrollers.
With what feels like a breath of fresh air for the embedded community, Mbed Studio comes with a library manager which is designed quite well. Mbed Studio allows you to add libraries to your project via the GUI or CLI (using the
mbed add command). The source of the library must be
os.mbed.com URL (for open-source, shared libraries) or a git URL (for both open-source shared libraries and private libraries).
Once the library has been added, the code is downloaded into the project directory (with the exception of the large
mbed-os, which has the special ability of being able to be shared across multiple projects if desired). A
<project-name>.lib file is created in the project directory which tracks the URL and commit hash of library, so that you lock down the version and can reproduce the build exactly. e.g.
mbed-os.lib might look like:
Mbed Studio and the mbed CLI have built in support for various forms of testing. The have support for the following types of tests:
- Unit tests: These are defined as tests that run on the native development computer (i.e. not on target microcontroller).
- Functional tests: These run on the target hardware.
All unit tests should be in a
UNITTESTS directory in the root of your project.
cmake to drive the building of the unit tests.
Mbed Version Preprocessor Definitions
Mbed provides the following preprocessor
#define macros in
Adding Custom Boards
If you get the pin configuration wrong, Mbed will print an error using
printf() at runtime, e.g. if I configured a
BufferedSerial and passed in the TX and RX pins in the wrong order:
BufferedSerial debug_uart(PA_10, PA_9); // These pins are in the wrong order, PA_9 is TX, PA_10 is RX (STM32F070 microcontroller)
You get the runtime error:
++ MbedOS Error Info ++ Error Status: 0x80010130 Code: 304 Module: 1 Error Message: pinmap not found for peripheral Location: 0x8005AC7 Error Value: 0xA For more info, visit: https://mbed.com/s/error?error=0x80010130&tgt=NUCLEO_F070RB
mbed-os API is documented with Doxygen-style in-code comments.
Timers can be used to keep track of periods of time in a precise manner (with typically sub-microsecond accuracy).
The timer API can be used from within interrupts.
Timershould not be used to keep track of clock-time for long periods (e.g. hours/days). This is because the standard system clocks which drive these timers typically have a fair amount of drift and error which makes them unsuitable for accurate time keeping over long periods. Use a RTC clock and the
As of mbed v6.0,
Serial has been deprecated in favour of
Interrupts based of digital pin changes can be created and managed with
InterruptIn() objects. For example, to create one for digital pin 5 and then print a message to the serial port everytime the voltage on the pin goes from low to high:
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- integrated development environments
- Mbed Studio
- ARM Compiler
- Mbed OS