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awk is a UNIX-based program that is used to scan and modify text files. It commonly used to find and replace text in one or many files at once.

It could be seen as a more powerful version of sed, with a fuller programming language and better support for variables.

Basic Syntax

The basic syntax for a simple awk command follows:

$ awk 'awk commands here' file.txt

Strings can be embedded within the ‘awk commands here’ section by using double quotes, e.g.:

$ awk 'awk_func("a string");' file.txt

Find And Replace

To replace all occurrences of old_world with new_world in file.txt:

$ awk '{gsub(/old_word/, "new_word")}; file.txt'

Using gsub (global substitution) instead of just sub will mean that all instances of old_world will be replaced.




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