Morpohology, or morphological image processing, is a category of image processing that is related to the shape of the features in an image. Morphology operates on the positional aspects of the image and not on the magnitude/color of each pixel, and therefore it is well suited to binary images.
Morphology works by sweeping a small binary matrix (called a structuring element) over the image. The structuring element is placed with it’s origin at every pixel in the image. It’s valued
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