Operators are used to manipulate variables.
Bitwise operators act on the individual bits of a variable. They are very similar to the bitwise operations in other languages, such as C.
These operators get synthesized directly into their equivalent logic gate.
Reduction operators are similar to bitwise operators, except they act on all bits of a variable simultaneously, to produce a 1-bit output (hence the name reduction). Some of the operators are the same as the bitwise operators, and so operator used depends on the context.
Shift operators shift the bits in a variable left or right by a number of specified places. The basic shifts are very similar to the shift operations in other languages, such as C. The arithmetic shift operators preserve the sign of the value when dealing with variables that represent signed numbers (this is done automatically in C, depending on the type of the variable).
|Arithmetic Left Shift||<<<|
|Arithmetic Right Shift||>>>|
Concatenation And Replication Operators
Concatenation is used to combine two input variables into a wider output variable. Replication is used to repeat a variables many times in a pattern.
Arithmetic operators are used to perform basic mathematics on variables. Most follow the same syntax as C, except the power operator ( **), which is not supported in C.
Remember that an FPGA does not have ALU like a microcontroller, so all of these operations will be created with gates in hardware! In some cases, this can be very taxing, so you must always be careful when using arithmetic operators in a hardware description language.
These operators compare two values and produce a single bit output.
|Less Than Or Equal||=|
|Greater Than Or Equal||>=|
|Not Equal To||!=|